The fifth of six posts shared by the organisers of a symposium exploring the “Northern Ireland Culture Wars” on Friday 22 November at the University of Ulster, Belfast.
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This year President Obama addressed an audience of young people in Belfast in a positive upbeat speech, telling them that, “you are the first generation in this land to inherit more than just the hardened attitudes and the bitter prejudices of the past… you now live in a thoroughly modern Northern Ireland”. However, young people are in many ways as marked by the years of the conflict as those who lived through them. The past surrounds this generation as it continues to be memorialised publicly and contentiously. Many children are growing up with little opportunity to interact with people from other backgrounds which promotes an odd mix of antipathy and indifference, intensified by a lack of knowledge or exposure to different perspectives.
When considering the role of the young in the culture wars it would be easy to be pessimistic, especially in this time of economic crisis, the consequences of which have fallen especially heavily on the young all over Europe. But survey data also suggests that there is optimism about improving community relations among the young and a marked liberalism on moral and social issues, which could open up avenues for new forms of activism and political engagement. What is crucially important is that young people have the opportunity to engage with both the past and the present in a way that allows them to challenge established narratives and pre-ordained outcomes.
Siobhán McAlister is a lecturer in criminology at Queen’s University Belfast. Her research concerns young people and she seeks to give a voice to young people generally but particularly to the marginalised.
In her presentation on youth identity/sectarianism in post-conflict Northern Ireland she reflects on the Childhood in Transition project, which draws on nearly 200 interviews with young people from areas struggling with the effects of deprivation and conflict.
John Peto is the Director Education for the Nerve Centre and his presentation focuses on one of his organisation’s many innovative projects Teaching Divided Histories.
The centre provides training and support for teachers and young people to engage with the recent past through digital technology and deal with contentious issues.