“death star galaxy”

Stunning image of a stunning galactic event at an estimated distance of about 1.4billion light-years away, as reported here. What the image shows is a “jet of particles generated by a supermassive black hole at the center of the main galaxy [bottom left] striking the companion galaxy.” Equally stunning is the knowledge that the image is a composite from the combined data of four sources – on X-rays from NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory (colored purple), optical and ultraviolet (UV) data from Hubble (red and orange), and radio emission from the Very Large Array (VLA) and MERLIN (blue) – other data from the Spitzer Space Telescope was also used in the analysis. Highly recommend taking the time to visit the Chandra website where, as well as more source and composite images, there are a number of animations and interviews on galaxy 3C321, aka “the death star galaxy”. For quality/explanation of the image, against download time, the best value is probably in the Hi-Res mpg animation of the jet striking the companion galaxy. [9.1MB mpg file] Added animation below More Video and commentary hereCool piece of information from the Chandra press release

Since the Chandra data shows that particle acceleration is still occurring in this hotspot, the jet must have struck the companion galaxy relatively recently, less than about a million years ago (i.e. less than the light travel time to the hotspot). This relatively short cosmic time frame makes this event a very rare phenomenon.

That’s “less than a million years ago” from the point in time captured by the image.. you then have to factor in the light-distance from the observer.

Added YouTubed version of the previously mentioned animation (Credits: NASA/STScI/G. Bacon)

  • Devil Éire

    (As refreshing as that sounds, it’s the Spitzer Space Telescope.)

  • Bleg

    Merlin lived.

    Guess: Event is the result of a nuclear test in Ryongcheon.

  • McGrath

    Excellent Pete. Mind jerking stuff. 1.4 Billion years! Where are the theists V atheists on this thread?


    Thanks for these posts Pete, It’s always thrilling to see the real wonders and miracles around us.

  • Pete Baker

    Devil Éire


  • However, Arp has shown3 that there is a very strong case that quasars that lie close to active galaxies, on the sky, are, in fact, physically associated with those galaxies. That is, the closeness is not just a trick of the line of sight, where the quasars are millions of billions of light-years behind the galaxy and merely happen to be almost directly behind it from our point of view. Arp (and others) have gone on to contend that the quasars have been ejected from the hearts of their parent galaxies.4 Creation of new galaxies via this mechanism has been suggested.
    The case has been made that the ULX quasar or QSO5 is not accidentally aligned due to a projection effect because it is seen interacting with gaseous material in the host galaxy. The abstract of the paper2 states in part:
    From the optical spectra of the QSO and interstellar gas of NGC 7319 at z = .022 we show that it is very likely that the QSO is interacting with the interstellar gas.

    Figure 2: V-shaped jet clearly seen entrained behind the ejected quasar.
    This is evidenced from the very strong oxygen emission lines in the spectra of the gases of the galaxy in the position of the quasar. Also a very strong outflow of gas is detected consistent with the ejection of the QSO entraining material with it. See figure 2. The paper states,
    … the QSO has been ejected from the nucleus of the Seyfert NGC 7319. It is seen that there is a luminous connection reaching from the nucleus (just at the top of the picture frame) down in the direction of the ULX/quasar, stopping about 3” from it. It is also apparent that this connection or wake is bluer than the body of the galaxy. [“Bluer” means that it is projected out towards the observer.]
    So what is the big deal? This is the big deal.
    The ejection-of-quasars-from-galaxies interpretation is vigorously rejected by the big bang community. Obviously this is because it utterly demolishes their key assumption of the genesis of all matter at the big bang. Also it calls into question many redshift-distances determined by quasar redshifts. In the section “Alternatives to the big bang” on page 393 of his book,6 Joseph Silk … admits, “Only by disputing the interpretation of quasar redshifts as a cosmological distance indicator can this conclusion be avoided” [my emphasis added]. This is, in fact, the main thrust of Arp’s observations! They cast enormous doubt on the distribution of galaxies in the universe and the interpretation of big bang expansion models.7
    However the observations do fit with a recent creationist model of creation of the heavenly bodies. See The model suggests that the quasars are ejected from active galaxies in a grand creation process and that we are now seeing the creation process of Day 4 of Creation Week.
    So the lesson is this. If you hang your hat on the big bang because the majority believes it, you will be embarrassed when it falls. This quasar comes as thorn in the sides of those who believe in the ruling paradigm—but many don’t and expect the weight of the anomalies to eventually sink it.
    The big bang today relies on a growing number of hypothetical entities, things that we have never observed—inflation, dark matter and dark energy are the most prominent examples. Without them, there would be a fatal contradiction between the observations made by astronomers and the predictions of the big bang theory. In no other field of physics would this continual recourse to new hypothetical objects be accepted as a way of bridging the gap between theory and observation. It would, at the least, raise serious questions about the validity of the underlying theory.8
    Instead trust in the One Who made it all and you’ll never be dismayed.
    References and notes
    1. http://ucsdnews.ucsd.edu/newsrel/science/mcquasar.asp.
    2. Pasquale Galianni, E. M. Burbidge, H. Arp, V. Junkkarinen, G. Burbidge, Stefano Zibetti, The discovery of a high redshift X-ray emitting QSO very close to the nucleus of NGC 7319, http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0409215, v1, 9 Sep 2004.
    3. Arp, H. Seeing red, redshifts, cosmology and academic science, Apeiron, Montreal, 1998; Arp, H. Quasars, redshifts and controversies, Interstellar Media, Cambridge University Press, Berkeley, California, 1987; Arp, H. Companion galaxies: a test of the assumption that velocities can be inferred from redshift, Ap J 430:74–82, 1994; Arp, H. The distribution of high-redshift (z>2) quasars near active galaxies, Ap J 525:594–602, 1999; Arp, H. Catalogue of discordant Redshift Associations, Aperion, Montreal, 2003.
    4. Hartnett, J.G. Quantized quasar redshifts in a creationist cosmology, Journal of Creation 18(2):105–113, 2004.
    5. QSO = Quasi-Stellar Object.
    6. Silk, J., The Big Bang, W.H. Freeman and Co., New York, 2000.
    7. Hartnett, J.G. The heavens declare a different story! Journal of Creation 17(2):94–97, 2003.
    8. < http://www.cosmologystatement.org