Ruth Kelly has called for a “new and honest debate” about diversity. The racial tensions in Northern England and then the 7/7 bombings have made many question the social impacts of multi-culturalism. The growth of minority ethnic communities in Northern Ireland was always slower than in the rest of the UK because of the Troubles and poorer economic performance. The situation has changed significantly over the past decade and the problems of racism have came into clear focus. What can Northern Ireland learn from the debate so that the mistakes are not repeated here?