Many of you who know me will be well aware of the frustrations I have encountered on my return to Northern Ireland, observing the Assembly being constantly distracted by legacy issues and failing to deliver a business strategy that will help our economy grow and bring economic prosperity for future generations.
The Northern Ireland Assembly has prioritised 12.5% Corporation Tax as its main fiscal lever to kick start (in three years time) private sector growth in the Northern Ireland economy. I have listened carefully to the arguments put forward in support of this policy but I am not convinced that it will deliver anywhere close to the targets Stormont has set and will ultimately prove to be a very expensive experiment the opportunity cost being another ten years of missed opportunity from when it was first mooted to finally going live.
That said, I am convinced there are other ways to help kick start our economy. This week, I have had the privilege of being the sole Northern Irish representative at the Coworking Europe Conference, Milan, Italy which is a the keynote event during a Coworking week of events organised by the Municipality of Milan.
The conference is being attended by 400 thought leaders / owners / managers of coworking spaces across Europe. Delegates are present from all European states with keynote speakers from the US and Africa.
For those of you who are not familiar with coworking, the concept is simple, people from different working areas, independent workers, nomad workers and entrepreneurs find themselves in the same space to work on their own projects.
They don’t only seek to break their isolation and to find an alternative solution to their home office or to the company office they are used to working from, but also belong to a community of individuals who are open to exchanging ideas and who collaborate to develop their businesses.
Put simply, the coworking model will deliver many of the businesses of the future, entrepreneurs and jobs, something Northern Ireland desperately needs given it was the only UK region to show a reduction in the number of trading businesses in 2014.
Coworking is a relatively new concept, but to put it in context, in early 2013 there were 1,200 coworking spaces in Europe most of them having been established in the last five years and the number of coworking spaces is almost doubling every year and are now mainstream in cities like Amsterdam, Berlin and London.
So why is this relevant to the Northern Ireland economy? Coworking will allow us to build the businesses, communities and professional networks that will drive forward our economy. If Northern Ireland leverages the opportunity to its full potential, it will enable our brightest and best talent to work to their full potential participating in the global market place without having to emigrate either working for themselves, other SME’s or large global corporates who have global remotely located workforces. It will also create the economic conditions to encourage our emigrant workforce to return to these shores.
We established our own coworking space three years ago in Newry www.thehubnewry.com and we now have a built a community of over twenty people who have their own businesses across a wide range of industries serving both the Northern Ireland, Republic of Ireland and Global markets. Our continued existence is proof that the concept can work however our experience is the NI Economy is not set up for private sector coworking to flourish the way it has in the rest of Europe and the United States.
I believe our politicians should consider Coworking as an alternative economic strategy that forms part of a range of solutions that will help deliver the modern economy Northern Ireland desperately needs with immediate impact as opposed to the expensive Corporation Tax reform strategy that will take at least a decade before any material tangible benefits are felt.
I have attended a number of facilitated workshops with representatives from other European representatives of the coworking spaces including the Main European nations, which included all the home nations including Republic or Ireland.
The results of these workshops make interesting reading:-
- Coworking helps creates economic growth and creates jobs that otherwise would not exist
- The evidence from coworking in Europe is that it has created a higher level of female participation in the workforce.
- Coworking promotes innovation through cross industry and geographical connectivity.
- Coworking enables young entrepreneurs to establish businesses and the community and mentoring support provided by their coworkers ensures they have the best chance of success.
- 49% of all premises used by coworking businesses are long term vacant properties which had no other economic use prior to being used as coworking spaces.
- The creation of Coworking spaces creates communities and forms a key part or urban regeneration strategies in many countries such as Poland, Spain, Bosnia etc.
- 79% of all coworking spaces expect to increase their number of members by greater than 20% in the coming year which highlights the growth potential.
- 60% of all coworking spaces in Europe are funded by the private sector and are self-sustaining business models.
- Coworking can reduce commuting time for workers by up to two hours per day delivering considerable benefits to workers, reduce traffic congestion and well as associated environmental benefits.
- Large corporates are now considering coworking spaces as a place of work for employees to ensure employee retention removing geographical restrictions on where employees are located creating a truly global workforce.
- Spain, Poland and Turkey have the lowest barriers to entry for establishing a coworking space.
- The UK has the highest barriers to entry for the coworking business model due to high rental levels and business rates
- Northern Ireland has the higher barriers to entry for coworking spaces than the rest of the UK due to higher business rates burden relative to the revenue a coworking pace generates.
- Northern Ireland has an educated workforce the equal of other European nations.
As the sole Northern Ireland representative at this conference as we talked to our European Colleagues it became clear very quickly that coworking faces significant barriers to entry in Northern Ireland and yet again our complex layers of red tape need to be reviewed to ensure we embracing this new concept the way the rest of the world has done.
I would advise all politicians seek out and visit a coworking space and see for themselves what is happening. They will see first-hand how tired, run down dilapidated buildings have been brought back into life, the new jobs that have been created in the highly valued ‘knowledge’ economy and how it can be the focal point for urban regeneration in a community. Coworking centres that can call into visit here in Northern Ireland includes:-
- The Hatchery, Antrim – Antrim Enterprise Centre
- Blick Studios, Belfast
- Farset Labs, Belfast
- Wabisabi Belfast
- The Foundry – East Belfast Enterprise Centre
When they start to engage with the managers and residents of these spaces, they will also start to understand that there are no global constraints in the ‘knowledge economy’ labour market and that businesses are being established and jobs created many of which are ‘Invest NI’ supported businesses.
I would also ask our politicians to understand the ‘paradigm shift’ required to their current thinking and acknowledge the ‘red tape’ that needs to be removed to create the conditions for coworking to grow and succeed across Northern Ireland, specifically :-
- Culture; my experience is we have not embraced coworking the way the rest of the world has we need to consider strategically how coworking can have a positive impact on the Northern Ireland Economy.
- Barriers to entry; Private sector operators of coworking spaces in Northern Ireland have barriers to entry which rest of Europe does not have specifically business rates and excessive building regulations which add huge unnecessary costs to the establishment of coworking space in tired buildings.
- Social value; coworking develops communities which delivers real social value and our politicians need to acknowledge and support the communities that are being created.
- Infrastructure; our towns and cities need to be full fibre enabled which is currently not the case.
Northern Ireland is always behind the curve on many issues but here we are involved in something new and exciting within the business community that is happening globally now. We need to build on the excellent work undertaken by the coworking centres already established in Northern Ireland and create the conditions not only for these to flourish but create the conditions for new ones to open.
It is only when you have had the opportunity to speak to our European colleagues and understand what is happening in their countries to you get a sense of how far behind the rest of Europe we are in terms of building a ‘knowledge’ economy and we need to turn this around.
Patrick Murdock is a dual qualified Chartered Surveyor and qualified Tax Advisor original from and currently in based Newry. An independent free thinking liberal at heart, prior to establishing his own specialist consultancy, Patrick has built a twenty year career working for a number of global advisory firms and continues to work across markets in the construction, property and final services industries and has considerable experience and practical knowledge of working day to day in the UK, Northern Ireland and ROI markets.