As the countdown quickens to the comprehensive spending review (CSR), in a fortnight’s time, Peter Robinson argues for Northern Ireland to continue to be treated as special case. This runs counter to other indications e.g.. “Any arguments made that the region requires special „exemption‟ from cuts or that there are specific circumstances requiring a sustained flow of support are almost certain to fall on deaf ears” – (Oxford Economics)
Perhaps he knows something we don’t; let’s hope so. On the face of it though, the devolved administrations are at a disadvantage in the negotiations with the Treasury compared to Whitehall departments serving England. They are not part of the intimate process with the right of appeal to the cabinet committee on the cuts, having to rely instead on the weaker and largely untried mechanism of the joint ministerial committee.
How big are the cuts likely to be for NI, based roughly on pro rata with England? £1 .2 billion minimum to 2015/6 according to Oxford Economics? Or more widely £2 billion like John Simpson, leading to a further 32,000- 40,000 jobless? Estimates vary. Either way, there may be small silver linings in the otherwise dark cloud.
Northern Ireland starts with a very high public spending base of near £11 billion in total – spending doubled in 10 years, an extra 1 billion in the last five years alone. Is it all doom and gloom if we are left with say, 2003-4 spending levels with cuts spread at 3.5% p.a?
NI will get the benefit of protected English health spending and education limited to 10% cuts
Early indications from George Osborne’s party conference speech are that new limits on welfare spending , a third of the UK total (and higher in NI) seem far from drastic at first glance. Payments on a single family will be limited to £500 a week, excluding disability benefits. This leaves out the longer term reform, to compel a move from welfare to work. It’s not yet clear what happens if no work is available. Eventually though, pressure on welfare spending will face NI with tough decisions. Can demand continue to be met or will the sacred cow of parity with GB have to be abandoned?
Without spelling them out at this stage, the Chancellor also promised “incentives” to develop small business, high tech and green energy. Perhaps we will benefit there.
And what’s happening to the idea of making NI an enterprise zone with favourable tax breaks?
In a report for the NI Council of Voluntary Assocations on how the cuts should be met down the road from Whitehall, Oxford Economics feel impelled to warn against the sort of panic that leads to bad decisions. Like the rest of us they wonder why the Executive has so far failed to launch a strategic debate. They now urge them (as in Whitehall) to take the “opportunity of adversity ” and begin strategic planning, with all departments playing a full part, not just the DFP at arms length.
Is this not leaving it far too late; or is it a case of better late than never?
Other points in the report:
The present programme for government is “unsustainable” ( whatever some politicians say and may even believe). Output analyses – how efficient and effective is the service? – should include health and education, protected for England . Protecting them fully would impose ” unsustainable” cuts of 21% on other services. “There should be no sacred cows.”
Capital budgets should not be slashed in favour of short term gains to save some jobs ( a key temptation for every politician) .
Start reducing the rates, water and other subsidies that cost £300 million a year.
Drastic cuts to the voluntary sector (budget, £260 million) in favour of in-house services should be resisted.
Assessment of cuts options should involve an independent element to prevent the civil service acting as judge and jury in its own interest, like an Bord Snip in the Republic.
Freezing public sector pay is no magic bullet and they duck a straight recommendation .
“Protecting employment and wages within the public service has already had strong support from the Unions in particular, though the idea that cutting spending external to the public service (i.e. in the private sector) will have no impact but cutting public sector wages would is clearly not the case. Equally the idea that recruitment freezes are a ‘victimless’ way of reducing headcounts and thus costs is also incorrect as this creates a large pool of youth unemployed who might other wise have joined the public service. These two points further highlight just how sensitive, complex and ultimately painful the process will be no matter what choices are made.”
Former BBC journalist and manager in Belfast, Manchester and London, Editor Spolight; Political Editor BBC NI; Current Affairs Commissioning editor BBC Radio 4; Editor Political and Parliamentary Programmes, BBC Westminster; former London Editor Belfast Telegraph. Hon Senior Research Fellow, The Constitution Unit, Univ Coll. London