There’s a premium which accrues to male leaders for, ah, just being male…

All thoughts (and loud male guffaws) about misogyny self consciously pushed to one side, here’s a finding that won’t surprise many of our female readers:

We find that, even though leaders are all providing the same guidance, followers are more likely to heed the advice of the male leaders, followers are less likely to ascribe group success to female leaders, and followers reward male leaders more generously than female leaders. There is a premium to being male.

  • murdockp

    Tell that to Giselle, Adele, Beyoncé.

    As for the Tennis players, they only have to do 60% of the work to get paid the same as a man in a grand slam tennis tournament.

    The point I make is everything is unfair. If Arlene had been born in East Finchley and was an English MP, she would have been sacked from The job before Christmas but in NI she is still hanging in there, so nationality even affects job discrimination.

    What does an NI politician have to do to get sacked? Is it even possible? Title of a new debate topic I feel.

  • articles

    Not to worry, the problem will solve itself . The male sex chromosome is inherently fragile and we are evolving towards a single-sex society, indeed some men are more “advanced” than others, even in the DUP. Put another way the male is facing eventual extinction within the next 5 million years (using a Biblical timeframe, around the year 3015 but my maths could be shaky, grateful if somebody from DFP could run their eye over the figures.)

  • mickfealty

    It’s a trial of leadership Pat, not pop stars.

  • Korhomme

    Is East Finchley in Essex? 😉

  • Paul

    I would absolutely agree with the quote in general, however in light of misogyny being used by Arlene Foster as one of the reasons she is being attacked – absolutely not in fact it makes a mockery of the genuine misogyny women do encounter, she should know better.
    Frankly it is right that this defence has being pilloried by everyone (with the exception of the DUP), because it laughable this from the leader of a party that had members mooing at the Womens Coalition, called women breastfeeding their babies exhibitionists, use PoC to stop women having a say over their own bodies to name a few… looking at the social media response to floating this as reason i would imagine Arlene’s job isn’t the only one in the DUP that is under pressure, their PR on this has being bloody terrible.

  • mickfealty

    And on the point of the paper?

  • Karl

    Which will come first, a single sex society or a united Ireland? Could one follow on from the other? The mind boggles.

  • Anthony O’Shea

    We still live in a world where in so -called advanced progressive societies women are treated unfairly. Be it in the area of wages, work opportunities and promotions, women still have to battle through a glass ceiling.
    Woman are more likely to fall into poverty, suffer physical and sexual assault or suffer from abuse in the home.
    In politics women are less likely to be chosen to stand for election and are less likely to benifit from promotional opportunities.
    Aside from the RHI scandal, it is a credit to Arlene Foster that she has managed to fight her way to the top and it might also be fair to argue that that battle has over time sharpened her edges and made her somewhat more tetchy than might otherwise be the case.
    Politicians are not Robots, we expect them to be super human while at the same time we pull them apart as if they were sub-human.
    Arlene’s woes in this instance have nothing to do with her sex and everything to do with negligence in office and heeding poor advice.
    She took the pressure of SF flip flopping when she gave that sky interview talking about misogyny and her family woes.
    It was an uncharacteristically spectacular own goal.

  • Nevin

    Research shows – that you can produce any outcome by a careful selection from the available facts!

    Literature that shows No Gender Differences in Leadership

    Some of the research on gender differences in leadership styles has come to the conclusion that there are no quantifiable differences between men and women in leadership roles, but rather that leadership roles are just extremely situational. This line of literature argues that neither men nor women are better in leadership positions, but that a leadership style’s effectiveness is contingent on various features of group and organizational environments (Foels, Driskell, Mullen, & Salas, 2000). Contingency theories recognize that there is no best style of leadership, but rather “leader effectiveness depends, or is contingent on, the interaction of leader behavior and the situation” (Riggio, 2008). This suggests that followers are as important as, if not more important than the leader in deciding which leadership style best fits the situation.


    Literature that shows Gender Differences in Leadership

    The main body of research on leadership differences across gender concludes that men are task-oriented leaders, while women are relationship-oriented leaders. Task oriented leaders are autocratic, direct, and controlling (Eagly & Johnson, 1990). Task oriented behaviors are “concentrated on performing the job that the work group faces and are thus similar to those of the initiating structure factor. .. While men use a task-oriented leadership approach, women are much more concerned with the bonds they have with their followers. This relationship-oriented style is characterized by democratic and participative leadership characteristics (Eagly & Johnson, 1990). Relationship-oriented behaviors are focused on maintaining interpersonal relationships on the job including “showing concern for employees’ well-being and involving them in decision-making processes” (Riggio, 2008). Female leaders tend to assume more of a caretaker role, possibly because of their stereotypical role as a caretaker to their husband and children in the household. Whatever the reason may be for these behaviors, women have a much more interpersonal leadership style than men.


    On the basis of this analysis, I firmly conclude that Arlene is a man and I am a woman!

  • Katyusha

    Thanks for an interesting paper on basic human psychology, Mick. However, like most good bare-bones scientific studies, it sparks curiosity and raises more questions than it answers.

    For example, did male and female “followers” react in the same way to male and female leaders? Was the effect of attributing more significance to the guidance of a male leader more pronounced among male or female followers? From the regression model in table 10, the most significant gender influence seems to be male leader – female follower, but I may be interpreting their coefficient incorrectly. It’s a shame there is no quoted FF coefficient to compare with the MM one.

    Also, while there is a significant difference in how male and female leaders are perceived, the study found, and I quote, “The mean bonus for male leaders is 6.83%; for female leaders it is 5.59%. This difference is not significant ( two-tailed p = 0.13)”. What does this mean? That we don’t reward our leaders if we can avoid doing so, even if we attribute them with good leadership?

    Like many studies of this type, it appears to be US-centric, and I’d be fascinated to see how this kind of thing applies across different cultures. Another note is that the participants appear very young (around 20), when age surely plays a role in how trustworthy a persons leadership advice is. It’s also unrealistic: I’d expect in a lot of corporate relationships, a manager will be a little older than their employees.

    But the big question for me (and its not a criticism of the study) is this: the “leader” is randomly selected – the study is designed to remove any a) ability or b) desire of the leader to lead people. Now, in our stagnant corporate structures, people are indeed parachuted into “leadership” positions without any special ability; because of time served or personal connections or sheer narcissism. But, I don’t know, I like my leaders to be a little special. To be charismatic and energetic, confident in their action because their decisions are rooted in technical excellence and skill, secure and confident in the actions and decisions of their followers instead of being controlling or defensive. Lifting an average Joe or Josephine from the street doesn’t seem to cut it.

    Luckily for me, Irish history and myth is replete with such women – it seems to be something of a complex. A bigger issue is no-one with any ambition should be involved in local politics; the quality of our executive is distinctly mediocre. Still, an interesting study if an unsurprising one. Its not just your female readers; I imagine that many military figures throughout history would have reported the same thing – that the right man could tell his soldiers to charge directly into machine gun fire or fly straight into an aircraft carrier, and his men would listen to him.

  • Dept of Speculation

    Just out of curiosity, does Slugger have any female writers on board, or have you given consideration to asking a female to contribute a piece on these matters?

  • mickfealty

    On the books? Yes. (Siobhan nearly caused a riot attacking Malachi O’Doherty for a piece he did for the BelTel on a related theme).

    Right now? Not really amongst the regulars. My last appeal for women bloggers was just before Christmas.

    But yes, I would love not just one pieces but several.

  • NMS
  • file

    Maybe men are better leaders?

  • mickfealty

    Check the detail of the report.

  • articles

    Evolution or intelligent design

  • Reader

    Anthony O’Shea: Woman are more likely to fall into poverty, suffer physical and sexual assault or suffer from abuse in the home.
    Women are much *less* likely to suffer physical assault.